Dynamics of agricultural practices in corn (Zea mays L.) cultivation in the municipality of Jilotepec, Estado de Mexico.

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Sara Cruz-Rangel
Yolanda Camacho-Villasana
Judith Jiménez-Guzmán
María B. Arce-Vázquez
José M. García-Garibay
Rigoberto Vicencio Pérez-Ruiz

Keywords

Corn, native, culture, practices

Resumen

Objective: Determine which agricultural practices are currently used by corn (Zea mays L.) growers in the municipality of Jilotepec, Estado de México.


Design/methodology/approach: An individual survey composed of both open and close-ended questions was applied to 93 corn producers from the municipality of Jilotepec, Estado de México, in order to obtain information about the planting practices they carry out. From there, 10 producers were selected for on-site monitoring their plots. 


Results: Maize growers in Jilotepec, Estado de México, are conscious of the genetic and cultural richness of native maize. However, the agricultural practices they use for their production are centered on the conventional agricultural model using chemical compounds obtained by chemical synthesis and a part is focused on monoculture production.


Study limitations/implications: The applied survey consisted of 13 questions, and the main limitation was the fact that it was not an extensive questionnaire because it is hard for people to devote a lot of time to this kind of polls; it is known that few questions generate more accurate information, while detailed polls have high levels of inaccuracy.


Findings/Conclusions: The results of this study showed that most of the producers are dedicated to growing native corn with a single crop per year and do not use any agroecological practices for their production or only very limited ones; they are also convinced that it is important to preserve native corn as it is a wealth for the Mexican people.

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