β-lactoglobulin peptides obtained by chymotrypsin hydrolysis

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Brayan Aguilar-Ovando
Georgina Calderón-Domínguez
Mariano García-Garibay
Judith Jiménez-Guzmán
Eduardo Jardón-Valadez
Erika B. León-Espinosa
Rosy G. Cruz-Monterrosa
Alejandro de Jesús Cortés-Sánchez
Rafael Ruíz-Hernández
Mayra Díaz-Ramírez

Keywords

: β-lactoglobulin, hydrolysis, biopeptides, chymotrypsin

Resumen

Objective: Whey proteins, as β-lactoglobulin, have biological activity. Controlled hydrolysis of this protein could generate peptides with some biological function. The aim of this work was to analyze the peptides resulting from the in vitro hydrolysis with chymotrypsin in order to evaluate the presence of bioactive peptides.


Design/methodology/approach: Chymotrypsin was used in the hydrolysis of β-lactoglobulin, and its peptides were evaluated by ultrafiltration, electrophoresis, and mass spectrometry.


Findings/conclusion: Results showed that 2 h of chymotrypsin hydrolysis (T1) released peptides with molecular weight values of 8 and 9 KDa, while 4 h of hydrolysis (T2) produced peptides with molecular mass weight values of 7 and 5 KDa. The mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) showed six peaks and five of them were comparable with those obtained by in silico hydrolysis results (done previously by Fonseca Ayala, 2018). The identified peptides (DTDYK, DAQSAPL and LKPTPEGDL) in the fraction <1 kDa showed inhibitory activity of angiotensin converting enzyme and inhibitory activity of enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV according BIOPEP database. These results showed that β-lactoglobulin peptides obtained by chymotrypsin hydrolysis could have biological activity that can be used in different types of industries as pharmaceutical and food.


Limitations on study/implications: The in vitro evaluation of the biological activity of the characterized peptides is necessary.

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