Goat milk production in Guanajuato, Mexico: Coordination mechanisms established in the agri-food chain

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Rodolfo Santos Lavalle
Juan José Flores Verduzco
Genaro Olmos Oropeza
Elizabeth Roldán Suárez
Asael Islas Moreno

Keywords

Goat producers, agri-food chain, goat cheese, cajeta

Resumen

Objective: To characterize the goat producers according to the industrial destinations of the milk, in order to analyze the coordination mechanisms established in the agri-food chain.


Design/Methodology/Approach: A survey was applied to 122 randomly selected goat producers. Taking into account two industrial destinations, a socioeconomic, productive, and commercial comparison was carried out, through T-tests for independent means. In order to analyze the coordination mechanisms, the data were complemented interviewing owners of collection centers and businessmen who processed milk.


Results: The producers had small herds and a basic level of education. They used family workforce. The lack of organization in the sale limited their participation in the agri-food chain coordination.


Milk processing companies coordinate their efforts, organizing the collection, reaching trade agreements, setting prices, and establishing quality rules, usually through informal agreements.


Limitations/Implications: State intervention is necessary to regulate relations between the actors of the agri-food chain.


Findings/Conclusions: The informality of coordination mechanisms favors agribusiness and turns them into forms of domination that ensure their profitability

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