Insecticide resistance level of Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) in northern Mexico

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Nelson E. López-Zerón
Claudia Y. Wilson-García
Perpetuo Alvarez-Vazquez
Rafael A. Rojas-García

Keywords

resistance, Aedes aegypti, biorational, pyrethroids, carbamates.

Resumen

Objective: To determine the response of the larvae of three Ae. aegypti populations from the Mexican North Pacific region to insecticides with different mode of action.


Design/Methodology/Approach: Three colonies were obtained placing ovitramps in peridomestic sites in Guadalajara (Jalisco), Culiacan (Sinaloa), and La Paz (Baja California Sur). Based on the methodology proposed by WHO, the bioassays were carried out with F1 larvae in the early fourth instar.


Results: The larvae from the three field colonies had high resistance to permethrin and low resistance to deltamethrin; however, they were susceptible to Spinosad and Bacillus thuringiensis var. Israelensis. The Culiacan strain showed a high resistance to the malathion and propoxur insecticides.


Study Limitations/Implications: The results provided valuable information about the response of these populations to insecticides, which are useful to establish resistance in the lab. Consequently, further studies should be carried out to complement the information obtained in these field tests.


Findings/Conclusions: The data indicated resistance levels to pyrethroid insecticides (mainly permethrin), as well as to organophosphates and carbamates.

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