International positioning of Mexican mango, analysis of foreign trade competitiveness indices from 2005 to 2018

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Carlos Ernesto Luquez Gaitan
Alma A. Gómez-Gómez
Natividad Hernández-Mendoza

Keywords

Relative trade balance, transability, export openness, import penetration

Resumen

Objective: To analyze the commercial competitiveness of Mexican mango in the global market, through the determination of growth rates of mango exports, imports and production, as well as the commercial competitiveness indices.


Design/Methodology/Approach: The production data were obtained from the Agrifood and Fishing Information Service (Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera, SIAP), and those of exports and imports from the International Trade Center of UNCTAD/OMC through TRADEMAP. The relative trade balance, the transability index, the export openness index, and the import penetration index were measured.


Results: The relative trade balance in Mexico was very close to 1. The transability index had an average of 0.2. The export openness index was positive every year. The import penetration index had values very close to 0. The exports increased 97% and the imports 30%.


Study Limitations/Implications: The available statistical records for the period of 2005 to 2018 were taken into account, considering all the varieties of mango produced and exported.


Findings/Conclusions: Mango is a primary product highly valued globally and, therefore, demand for this product has increased. Exports had a growing behavior, while imports are very low compared to the exports. The commercial balance was positive every year. Mexico evidenced an increase of competitiveness at the international level.

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