Synthesis and characterization of polyols made from poultry fat

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Maritza Hernández-Cruz
Yenifer Ramírez-Roblero
María C. Luján-Hidalgo
José H. Castañón-González
Zaira Domínguez
ROCIO MEZA GORDILLO

Keywords

Hydrolysis, animal fat, epoxidation, agro-industrial waste.

Resumen

Objective: Identify the optimal conditions of polyols synthesis from poultry fat by epoxidation and hydrolysis in situ.


Design/methodology/approach: Using a statistical design of response surface Box-Behnken type was evaluated the effect of the factors temperature (60, 70 and 80 °C), catalyst (1, 2 and 3 % w / w), molar ratio double bonds:acetic acid (1: 1, 1: 1.5 and 1: 2) and time (4, 6 and 8 h), on the acid index of polyols synthesized.


Results: The FTIR spectra indicated that in mild reaction conditions epoxide groups (827 cm-1) are generated while in severe reaction conditions the formation of OH groups is favored. Therefore, the optimal conditions for the generation of polyol were: 80 °C, 3 % w/w catalyst (H2SO4), molar ratio double bonds:acetic acid 1:2 and reaction time of 8 h, obtaining a maximum percentage of 78% acidity index, and hydroxyl number of 74 mg KOH/g.


Limitations on study/implications: The removal of the acid medium and water in the reaction was a challenge in polyols with higher acidity index.


Findings/conclusions: The method used of fat extraction, allows to obtain raw material that meets the characteristics to perform the reaction of epoxidation and hydrolysis in a single step to obtain polyol. The most severe conditions of temperature, catalyst concentration, molar ratio of double bonds: acetic acid and reaction time, allowed to obtain the greatest amount of polyol from poultry fat.

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