Effect of the sowing ratios on the yield and quality of seed from maize genotypes

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Santiago Ruiz Ramirez https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3199-6034
Lily Xochilt Zelaya Molina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3474-3289
Ismael Fernando Chávez Díaz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2182-8646
Carlos Iván Cruz Cárdenas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1952-0191
Rosendo Hernández Martínez https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7541-6834

Keywords

Zea mays L., INIFAP hybrids, production, flower synchronization.

Resumen

Objective: To identify optimal sowing ratios, validation of production technology and seed quality in maize hybrids.


Design/methodology/approach: Sowing ratios of 4:2 and 6:2 were studied to observe their effect on the genotypes, as well as their quality and response in seed production; this was done by evaluating the following variables: days to male and female flowering, plant and ear height, percentage of ear and seed in cobs, commercial seed yield, thousand seed weight, number of seeds per kilogram, standard germination and hectoliter weight of the seed. An analysis of variance was carried out using a completely randomized design with factorial arrangement and four replications, the experimental unit being furrows of 20 linear meters.


Results: Significant differences were detected in the hybrids with respect to the variables and sowing ratios, which specifically influences the weight, size and number of seeds; the hybrid H-386A had the best response to the environment and ratios, exceeding the rest of the hybrids evaluated by 72.92 %.


Limitations on study/implications: The interaction of genotype and environment are factors that limit seed production; however, performing evaluations in different environments allows finding stable hybrids with high yields.


Findings/conclusions: The generation of knowledge allows us to make decisions regarding crop establishment and quality in seed production lots, being a recommended environment in CIRPAC’s area of influence

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