grapevine, viral diseases knowledge, agriculture
Objective: To contribute to the knowledge of the diversity of viruses and the viral diseases reported in grapevines in Mexico, in order to benefit producers and develop comprehensive viral disease control strategies.
Design/methodology/approach: The literature search was conducted in databases such as Scopus, Google Scholar, and EBSCO host, using the following keywords alone or in combination: "virus", "plant", "grapevine", and "Mexico". In addition, the INIFAP database was consulted, alongside undergraduate and postgraduate dissertation theses.
Results: Only one academic file was found published in an indexed international journal, using the publication finder software; the report corresponds to a grapevine virus present in Mexico. However, based on all the consulted sources, several viral diseases associated with nine grapevine viruses have been reported in Mexico. These species have been grouped into seven genera and six families. The reports come from Aguascalientes (56%) and Baja California (44%). Three registered viral species are associated with the leafroll complex, three with rugose wood, one with fleck, one with infectious degeneration, and one with red blotch disease.
Findings/conclusions: Several grapevine viruses associated with major diseases have been reported in Mexico. Unfortunately, most of the reports lack detail and follow-up, and they are not readily available for international researchers; therefore, the lack of knowledge about this subject in Mexico is significant. Monitoring the epidemiology of viral diseases in the grapevine —a national and international relevant crop— is necessary.