Genotype-environment interaction in the production of dry matter of edgeless fodder barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)


María A. Torres-Tapia
Modesto Colín-Rico
Víctor Manuel Zamora Villa
Francisco J. Sánchez-Ramírez
Humberto de León-Castillo


Cebada sin aristas, forraje seco, interacción genotipo ambiente, modelo AMMI.


Objective: To analyze the genotype-environment interaction (GEI) within the dry fodder production of 24 edgeless barley fodder lines (Hordeum vulgare L.) or commercial controls of the same and other species across five environments.

Design/Methodology/Approach: A randomized complete block design with three repetitions was used in the five trial environments, with fodder harvested at 105 d after sowing. Data were analyzed as combined random blocks over environments and the GEI was analyzed using the AMMI model.

Results: Significance (p≤ 0.01) was detected in the main effects and the GEI. Genotypes G26 (Cerro Prieto), G27 (Gabyan95), G10, G3, G19 and even genotype G24, showed interactions close to zero, so they were considered stable, while the edgeless barley lines: G6, G1 and G2 were qualified as desirable for dry fodder production, according to their superiority over the general mean and their low GEI.

Study Limitations/Implications: Results may vary when evaluating other environments and genotypes.

Findings/Conclusions: There are stable and desirable edgeless fodder barley genotypes that represent an option for fodder production in the study region. The oat control was considered the least productive and the locality of Zaragoza, Coahuila, is considered a potential environment for dry fodder production using edgeless fodder barleys such as those evaluated in this study, in addition to showing adequate discriminatory power.

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