Reproductive phenology of Uspí tree Couepia polyandra (Kunth) Rose (Chrysobalanaceae) in Campeche, Mexico


Sol de Mayo A. Mejenes-López
Gustavo E. Mendoza-Arroyo
Manuel Marín-Quintero
Ricardo Antonio Chiquini-Medina



Objective. To describe reproductive phenological stages, since the formation of flower buds, flowering, fruiting, up to the formation of the ripe fruit and foliation of 21 Couepia polyandra trees; and correlation of allometric data of tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH) and crown diameter, as well as the correlation of precipitation with reproductive phenology data.

Methodology. The description of the reproductive phenology (foliage, formation of flower buds, flowers, fruits) was done

by direct monthly observation with a digital camera (Canon SX60HS, 65). The correlation among precipitation, allometry, and types of soils where the trees grow was calculated by recording data from each tree by measuring height, diameter at breast height (DBH) and foliage.

Results. The highest tree was 21.0 m; the widest DBH measured 68 cm; and the greater crown diameter was 34.45 m; the overall averages were 10.38 m, 33.17 cm and 9.37 m, respectively. A significant correlation was found between height and DBH (r=0.91, p<0.05); the correlations for the variables Height-Crown and DBH-Crown were not significant (p>0.05).

Conclusions. Water as a factor is responsible for the formation of inflorescence and fruit; determining that these phenological events are dependent variables with precipitation, highlighting a mean positive relation with the growth of flowers.

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